Global water crisis
Water scarcity can be defined as lack of enough water or simply lack of access to safe water. According to research, very few reliable sources of safe water to exist today, and the problem does not end there. Analysts believe that the few remaining water sources are fast drying up simply because of the ever increasing demand and costs associated with maintaining the existing sources.
Moderate water shortage was first recorded in the 18th century. During that time, more than 2% of the world population faced a chronic water shortage which was estimated to be less than 1000 cubic m per capita. With time, the problem increased and affected more people around the world. According to analysts, chronic water shortage increased from 9% to 35% in the years 1960 to 2005. During that period, more than 2500 million people were affected negatively and most of them have ended up losing their lives. Among the continents affected by the crisis, Africa topped the list and was closely followed by Asia.
Currently, the water crisis is associated with a number of negative effects. Poor health is one of the many negative effects associated with this particular problem. According to analysts, many people who cannot access clean water on a regular basis normally end up taking dirty water from flowing streams, many of which are contaminated. With time, such individuals usually develop different health complications such as cholera, diarrhea and dysentery.
Hunger is another negative effect associated with water scarcity. According to analysts, 70% of water sources is normally used for irrigation and agriculture. According to them, less water normally leads to low crop production which in the long run leads to hunger and thirst.
Poor education and poverty are also some of the most common negative effects associated with water scarcity. Many children in Africa normally walk for miles searching for water. This normally tire them and in some cases force them to miss school. In the long run, such individuals usually fail to secure the basic knowledge and skills which focus on job creation and poverty eradication.
Despite causing much harm, water crisis can be dealt with permanently. According to analysts, many smart solutions to a worsening water crisis exist. Among the many solutions introduced, scaled down approach and efficiency plus equity are considered as being the best. Basically, scaled down approach involves monitoring the use of water and avoiding wastage. On the other hand, efficiency plus equity approach focuses on distributing water more equitably among all the households.