How Globalization Affects Economics and Gender Issues

Globalization has great effects on different international relation issues. This paper aims to understand the negative and positive results of globalization on the economic status of nations and integrate the importance of these effects on gender issues. The rapid increase of transnational corporations and networks of production has been considered a trend in the process of economic globalization. However, in the recent years, globalization that pertains to economic trends of a country tends to neglect the role of women because of some factors. But with the rapid growth of production processes, there is a need for an increase in low cost labors in which women are now involved in these processes. Impacts of globalization on gender issues have mixed consequences. Globalization opened doors to a higher percentage of employment opportunities for women in global information, global communication, retail and tourism. Research shows that women account for a large number of job opportunities in manufacturing industries specifically on the export processing zones which are essential in manufacturing production. These opportunities gave access to women outside of the household and gain higher level of economic freedom which helps in the empowerment and become competitive in the global market economy.

Globalization on women and gender relations show a higher percentage of negative effects because they are being neglected nationally and internationally in terms of better opportunities in the market place. This is shown by the fact that women are hired to work in a highly stressful environment but not compensated well in terms of monetary and non monetary benefits. However, organizations such as the United Nations are taking steps to resolve these issues by implementing goals of macro-economics with social development but government should concentrate on integrating gender equality and development within the context of globalization.

Gender inequality and discrimination can affect women in a greater extent than men. In the globalization process, gender differences in terms of decision making and participation should be taken into account in order to achieve gender equality. It is very important to have a systematic monitoring on gender impact to achieve the goals of companies without sacrificing gender capabilities. Studies on the effects of gender relations and globalization are well documented for us to analyze the perspective of globalization and its effects to women in terms of their economic and social functions. However, it is still very important to have further research to evaluate the impact of globalization on other aspects of life which can influence gender relations and issues.